Frequently Asked Questions

When will my plants arrive?
You’ll find the correct despatch times on our website or in our magazine. Each size is despatched at different times throughout the stated season.

Do you need two fruit trees to ensure pollination and for the plants to bear fruit?
No, all of the fruit trees and bushes we sell are self-pollinating which means they produce fruit on their own.

My roses have just arrived and they have green wax on them, should I remove this? No, this wax has been applied to the stem to cover and protect the grafting point. This wax will eventually drop off as the rose grows.

What is the difference between an annual, perennial and biennial?

  • Annual:
    An annual is a plant that only lives for one year/season and is not frost hardy in this country. Most of what we call ‘summer bedding’ are annual plants – planted in the Spring, flowers throughout the summer and then dies off in the frosts.
  • Perennial:
    Perennials are winter hardy which means they can survive frost, snow and freezing temperatures. This means that they will grow back and flower every year. Perennials need to be cut back down to the ground after flowering, this keeps them looking neat and tidy and makes dividing easier. The flower stems grow back at the beginning of the following season.
  • Biennial:
    Biennials take 2 years to complete their life-cycle. In the first year, they develop roots, stems and leaves. Biennials enter dormancy through their first winter and the following spring/summer will produce flowers and seeds.

Biennials take 2 years to complete their life-cycle. In the first year, they develop roots, stems and leaves. Biennials enter dormancy through their first winter and the following spring/summer will produce flowers and seeds.

How deep should I plant bulbs?
Generally, you will need a hole one and a half times the depth of the bulb. For example, if the bulb is 2” from top to bottom the hole should be 5” deep.

Which way up should I plant a bulb?
The flowering shoot grows out of the top of the bulb (pointed end) and the roots grow from the underside (rounded end). Bulbs must be planted pointed end upwards.

Why aren't my winter flowering pansies flowering yet?
All winter hardy pansies have the ability to flower throughout the winter but this depends on climatic conditions and progress of the pansy prior to planting.
Pansies drop into a state of dormancy over the winter so the key is getting them to flower before the weather gets really cold, this way they’ll hold on to their flowers until Spring when they start to produce new flowers. There are a number of different ways of doing this:

  • Start winter pansies off indoors before planting – the warmth will boost them into flower.
  • Plant out in late summer/early autumn whilst it is still warm.
  • Plant out and cover with polythene or cloches for a few weeks – this will have the same effect as starting them off indoors.

Remember, once you have got the pansies flowering they no longer need protection and should hold on to their flowers throughout the winter and in the spring new flowers will grow.

How do I get the plants out of their cells?
Underneath each cell is a hole large enough to fit a pencil through and push the plug up from the bottom. On arrival the plugs will need water and then left to rest for 24 hours. Once this ‘rest’ period is over the compost will be less soggy from watering meaning the plugs should release quite easily from the tray when pushed from underneath. If, when you try to do this, the plug does not release from the tray without falling apart the plugs should be left in the tray to establish for a further few days. In this case, carry on watering the plugs daily until they are ready to be removed.

Commonly, plants may be tangled in the tray. In this case, carefully separate the leaves of each plug from its neighbour prior to pushing the plug out.

The plants are leggy, what should I do?
It is common for plants to look a little leggy when they arrive as a result of being without daylight for a couple of days. Don’t worry, they are perfectly healthy. The best thing to do is pinch out the growing tips at a branching point lower on the stem. This will encourage more shoots to grow outwards from the main stem and the result is a bushy plant with more flowers. This procedure can be carried out at any time in the season to encourage more flowers on your plants.

The plants are flowering all one colour, what has happened?
A mixed collection is simply a mix of complimentary plant varieties (usually of the same Genus and species). The change in variety is what brings you the various colours found in a mix. Often, with mixed collections, you will find one of the colours always starts to flower first. This is simply down to how the plant was originally bred and its ‘parents’. The flowering time can vary from 1 week to 1 month, but eventually, all colours will show.

There are white marks on the leaves, should I be concerned?
All of the plants in our nurseries get watered daily and when the water droplets on the leaves evaporate they leave behind mineral deposits which appear as white marks on the leaves. This does not affect the health of your plants.

The plants have arrived yellow, will they be ok?
They will be ok. This often happens to plants when they are in shock of being starved of sunlight for a couple of days in transit. Upon arrival give them some water and leave in a sunny position – within a few days, you will notice them start to green up and recover perfectly.

Some of the cells have more than one plant in, should I separate them?
It’s best not to as you may end up damaging the fragile roots. At a later stage in the plants’ development when they are much bigger and have stronger roots you may be able to gently tease them apart but be careful not to let too much compost fall from the fibrous roots as it will significantly damage them and may kill the plant.

There are a number small black flies on the plants, what are they?
These are Scarid flies and thrive in the warm, humid indoor growing conditions found in all nurseries and it is common for them to arrive with your plug plants. Our compost is treated for such pests however it’s very difficult to avoid whilst in transit and you may find a few in your plants. Don’t worry, these should not affect the health of your plants. Once planted out the flies tend to disappear in seek of a more comfortable environment. If you have bought indoor plants, leave them outside in their trays during the day time for about a week before potting up and the flies should have abandoned your plants.

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